However, its aspects have raised critical questions about classical traditions of approaches to leadership and management. There is abidance in the fact that there stands a strong connection between a narrative and an action in management. The understanding is that the line of action taken by a leader or a manager largely depends on a wide range of situational factors, organizational cultures, and objectives. However, this is analyzed from narrative and postmodernism theory to achieve a deeper dissection of how to articulate strategy into mainstream management roles and sustain the outcomes of the plan.
Leadership versus Management Essay - Words | Bartleby
In the analysis of leadership and management approach within the non-for-profit sector, success in management and leadership revolves around complex approaches to the management of human services. Organizational behavior is perceived as obtaining the capacity to build effective relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives.
However, organizational behaviour has been advanced as presenting numerous challenges and implications to the organizational context, and thus enlarging the complexity of organizational behaviour.
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All these aspects of human services demand the delivery of leadership and management that foster positive transition along the increasing demands of organizational management approaches. One critical aspect of the reflection is process is the role of organizational learning. These are team learning, organization learning, and individual learning. Successful management of human services must integrate the concepts of organizational learning. This is more poignant in the case of non-for-profit organizational where the debate on sources of funds to finance human services still rages.
Despite the fact that leadership and management are not the same things, one clear fact is that they must go hand-in-hand. Two aspects of leadership and management that encompass the current theoretical and empirical research on management and leadership in human services upon this reflection are consistency and valuing others. Both postmodernism and narrative theories posit that the society is always in constant pressure to change and that change must have with the capacity and sustainability to ensure success.
Consistency and value for others and their contributions are core determinant of change and eventual sustainability because the two are interlinked and congregate for improvement on organizational bottom-line. One successful factor within this area of leadership and management involves developing teamwork and a sense of collective responsibility.
By appreciating the role of team members and how unique the chemistry that exists between team members, and internal and external communities, a leader or manager within the non-for-profit sector is likely to draw in the inclusive approach to leadership that seeks to appreciate the diverse thoughts of team members. To achieve sound leadership that is compassionate and people-centered, there is need to understand not only the unique cultures at of the stakeholders but also the complexities and make adjustments in regards to leadership styles to the local context. Having a complete analysis of the economic, political and social aspects that surround the non-for-profit organization has the capacity to enable a leader or manager discharge his or her services in sound manner.
The results of the analysis of self-reflection on leadership and management approaches within the non-for-profit organization in U. The understanding is that motivating others has a moral nature because it is concerned with the development of human beings in all dimensions. The philosophy of postmodernism asserts that the organizational must view its culture past the realms of modern approaches. To understand this moral perspective of organizational management, there is need to underline the importance of being sensitive to the complex local context and grow along a continuous learning path.
The personal reflections of leadership and management within non-for-profit sector in U. In fact, consistency forms an essential trait in leadership standards, forms a significant theme in transformational leadership and transcends all levels and forms of leadership. The understanding is that social workers are volunteers who are not only the most prized assets of these organizations but are in need of leadership and management that inspire and motivate.
It there calls for leadership approach that is encompassed by a process that involves continuously influencing people and staying consistent throughout. Each has its own function and characteristic of its activities. Management of companies deals with the management of complex structures. It consists of formal management practices and procedures. In the absence of competent management the chaos covers these complex enterprises and their existence is under threat. Skilful management adds to the key performance indicators of the company such things as the quality and profitability of products, a certain amount of order and sequence.
As to the leadership, so it is primarily associated with the ability to adequately cope with change. In recent years the leadership became particularly important. This is partly explained by the fact that the modern business world has extremely tough competition and high variability.
As for leaders, designed to make a constructive organizational change, so their work begins with choosing the course of development — create the desired image of the company in the future, as well as develop strategies to implement the necessary measures to bring that image to life. Turning to the implementation of their plan, managers are focusing on the organization and recruitment companies, so they create an organizational structure and define the positions necessary to fulfill the intended plan of work, pick up qualified staff and acquaint them with the details of the plan, allocate responsibilities and establish a system for monitoring progress of work.
Leaders start from different thing — from finding allies. This means that about the new course of development is told to everyone who can help gather like-minded people believing in the dream of a better future for the company and determined to make it a reality. Finally, to monitor the implementation of the plan, managers resort to control and solve problems — thoroughly compare resulting performance with the plan both formal and informal ways: through reports, meetings, etc.
As to the leaders, so the embodiment of an ideal image requires the ability to support them in their motivation and enthusiasm of the supporters. They need to make sure that in spite of serious obstacles people have gone off track, which leads them to a new future. At the same time leaders must appeal to the vital, though often unconscious, human needs, values and emotions Hughes, A leader motivates people to work for a common goal.
In this service too, the person heads the department has to motivate the people to work for the common goal. A true leader can do it more effectively than a manager. A leader should be a team player. Emergency service is always a team play.
Mere management principles will not make any difference to the organization. A lot of uncertainty is present with the Emergency services. A manager should be capable of handling these services. People under him should be willing to work for extra hours if required. If extra service is required it should be given on volunteer basis.
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Here the scope of leadership is more visible. A leader can motivate his team members to provide their best. Team members perform will perform to their full potential when the team leader motivates them to do so. The team leader should be empathetic to his team mates. He should make the people well aware of the team goal and the members should feel that the goal is common to all. Then only their full potential can be utilized. A leader should also provide a platform for the members to learn and grow.
This will make the team members to become more professional. This will also increase the efficiency of the team to perform tasks. Functions of management are Directing, Organizing, Planning, controlling and staffing. Professional managers are trained to perform these functions.
Some people are on the view that Directing is the most important function of a manager. Many managers believe decision making is an important function of the manager. In the Emergency Medical Service Industry manager should be good at decision making. He will have to make decisions in seconds. A manger is trained to have these qualities. In management schools Case studies are used to impart the skills of decision making. Leaders decision are derived from that of his team members where as the managers decisions are learned decision and the decision the manger thinks to be good for the company.
In respect to other function like controlling and planning a manger uses modern management tools. An ordinary leader may not know these tools for planning and controlling. Hence in these function a manger may have an upper hand in delivering the duties. But if the manager has leadership skills then he can really outperform an ordinary manager.
Compare and Contrast Leadership and Management
All leading management institutes have special curriculum to sharpen the leadership skills of the managers. It is also said it is important to become a leader then become a manager by learning management tools. Leadership involves in common interest and goal. By this common interest and goal a leader can motivate people to attain common goals.
Managers seek scientific methods to perform their task. Leaders are not interested in going for such tools and management techniques. They are good motivators. Many people believe leaders are born to be leaders but not they believe there are born managers. People believe management qualities are trained. This may not be true regarding leadership qualities.
For example, in accident sights some people emerge as leaders and guide others on what to do.
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These leaders are not trained to become managers or leaders. It is also observed that such people repeat the leadership role in similar occasion. This shows they are born leaders. Many view that leadership skills can be trained on individuals. But training on leadership skill is more difficult than training on management skills.
It is also observed that function of direction is the most difficult part for any managers. Unless people have certain inborn skills it is difficult to direct other people. In emergency medical service, to make the service more useful and effective, leaders are required than mere mangers. Emergency situation are unique and the robotic act will not help.
A kind of intuition is the requirement of medical services. It is not that made up managers will be a failure.